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|Title:||The Study of Viral RNA Diversity in Bird Samples Using De Novo Designed Multiplex Genus-Specific Primer Panels||Authors:||Ayginin, Andrey A
Pimkina, Ekaterina V
Matsvay, Alina D
Speranskaya, Anna S
Safonova, Marina V
Blinova, Ekaterina A
Artyushin, Ilya V
Shipulin, German A
Dedkov, Vladimir G.
|Issue Date:||12-Aug-2018||Publisher:||Hindawi||Project:||The study of the molecular genetic diversity of pathogens of anthroponotic and zoonotic infections as the basis for improving epidemiological surveillance / Изучение молекулярно-генетического разнообразия возбудителей антропонозных и зооантропонозных инфекций, как основы для совершенствования эпидемиологического надзора||Journal:||Advances in Virology||Abstract:||Advances in the next generation sequencing (NGS) technologies have significantly increased our ability to detect new viral pathogens and systematically determine the spectrum of viruses prevalent in various biological samples. In addition, this approach has also helped in establishing the associations of viromes with many diseases. However, unlike the metagenomic studies using 16S rRNA for the detection of bacteria, it is impossible to create universal oligonucleotides to target all known and novel viruses, owing to their genomic diversity and variability. On the other hand, sequencing the entire genome is still expensive and has relatively low sensitivity for such applications. The existing approaches for the design of oligonucleotides for targeted enrichment are usually involved in the development of primers for the PCR-based detection of particular viral species or genera, but not for families or higher taxonomic orders. In this study, we have developed a computational pipeline for designing the oligonucleotides capable of covering a significant number of known viruses within various taxonomic orders, as well as their novel variants. We have subsequently designed a genus-specific oligonucleotide panel for targeted enrichment of viral nucleic acids in biological material and demonstrated the possibility of its application for virus detection in bird samples. We have tested our panel using a number of collected samples and have observed superior efficiency in the detection and identification of viral pathogens. Since a reliable, bioinformatics-based analytical method for the rapid identification of the sequences was crucial, an NGS-based data analysis module was developed in this study, and its functionality in the detection of novel viruses and analysis of virome diversity was demonstrated.||URI:||https://cris.pasteurorg.ru/handle/123456789/114||ISSN:||1687-8639||DOI:||10.1155/2018/3248285|
|Appears in Collections:||Journal articles|
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