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Title: Synthesis of novel derivatives of 7,8-dihydro-6H-imidazo[2,1-b][1,3]benzothiazol-5-one and their virus-inhibiting activity against influenza A virus
Authors: Galochkina, Anastasia V
Bollikanda, Rakesh K
Tentler, Dmitry G
Lavrenteva, Irina N
Chirra, Nagaraju
Kantevari, Srinivas
Zarubaev, Vladimir V. 
Slita, Alexander V. 
Keywords: 1,3-dicarbonyl;antiviral activity;antivirals;benzothiazole;cytotoxicity;imidazole;influenza virus
Issue Date: Feb-2019
Publisher: Wiley-VCH Verlag
Journal: Archiv der Pharmazie / Chemistry in Life Sciences 
Abstract: Influenza remains a highly pathogenic and hardly controlled human infection. The ability of selecting drug-resistant variants necessitates the search and development of novel anti-influenza drugs. Herein, we describe the synthesis and evaluation of a series of novel 2-substituted 7,8-dihydro-6H-imidazo[2,1-b][1,3]benzothiazol-5-ones 3a-k for their virus-inhibiting activity against influenza A virus. The new analogues 3a-k prepared in two steps from commercially available cyclohexane-1,3-diones were fully characterized by their NMR and mass spectral data. Among the new derivatives screened for cytotoxicity and in vitro antiviral activity against influenza virus A/Puerto Rico/8/34 (H1N1) in MDCK cells, three analogues 3i-k containing a thiophene unit were found to exhibit high virus-inhibiting activity (high SI values) and a favorable toxicity profile. The compound 3j (CC50 : >1000 μM, SI = 77) with higher potency is the best anti-influenza hit analogue for further structural optimization and drug development. The most active compounds did not inhibit viral neuraminidase and possess therefore other targets and mechanisms of activity than the currently used neuraminidase inhibitors.
ISSN: 0365-6233
DOI: 10.1002/ardp.201800225
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